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Pipe and Tabor
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If a pipe is joined thereto,
it renders the melody sweeter.
The pipe is a simple instrument with a fipple like a willow whistle
or recorder but usually having only three melody holes (index finger, middle
finger, and thumb). The bore is narrow to facilitate overblowing. There
is a ridge around the bottom of the instrument to aid in supporting the
pipe. This allows the player to handle a the instrument with one hand,
leaving the other hand free to strike the tabor. The drum is held with
a strap or thong around the arm which fingers the pipe. Thus one performer
accompanies himself, making an ideal combination for dance music of a rustic
nature, or to supply background music for jugglers or performing animals.
The pipe and tabor (also whittle and dubb, or un flagol' un tabourin)
player also entertained the audience during scene changes of Shakespeare
plays. It takes a player with special talents to handle the unusual fingerings
of this instrument.See the percussion page for
more information about the drum member of this duet.
Pipes came in several sizes.
Musica Antiqua's pipe is a tenor by Carlick.
The tabor is by Williamson.
Musica Antiqua Instruments
Tabor - The Quintessential Morris Instrument
and Tabor page
Robyyan Torr d'Elandris's Pipe
and Tabor notes
PIPE AND TABOR - An Address to a Society of Morris Dancers
Tabor Pipe with your mountain dulcimer - fingering chart
The Pipe and Tabor
- An Address to a Society of Morris Dancers, 1914
I. Ansorena: Txistu ots gozoa 'nola' (San Sebastian, no date)
T. Arbeau: Orchesographie (Langres, 1588/r1965)
M. Mersenne: Harmonie universelle (Paris, 1636/r1963)
J. Gehot: Treatise on the Theory and Practice of Music (London,
F. Vidal: Lou tambourin (Avignon, 1864)
C. Marcel-Dubois: 'Le tambour-bourdon', Arts et traditions populaires,
xiv (1966), 3
J. Rimmer: 'Tabor Pipes from Aardenburg and Goedereede: some Musical Implications',
van de Rijksdienst voor het oudheidkundig bodemonderzoek, xxix (1979),
Engraving by I. Van Meckenem
German Museum, Nuremberg